Clarity of Degree Titles Is Important for Future Students
The National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB) recently proposed a change to its Conditions for Accreditation that would remove language in Condition 4.2 Professional Degrees and Curriculum that “NAAB-accredited professional degree programs have the exclusive right to use the B.Arch., M.Arch., and/or D.Arch. titles, which are recognized by the public as accredited degrees and therefore may not be used by non-accredited programs.” NAAB cites legal barriers to sustaining this condition and instead proposes a new condition requiring schools to publish a graphic image, or badge, to communicate a program’s accredited status. (Information on this change and the procedures for providing feedback are available on NAAB’s website.)
ACSA acknowledges that the legal barriers may be legitimate, but we also want to state clearly that there should be consistent use of degree titles. We encourage NAAB to pursue other remedies for resolving conflicts around degree nomenclature. We also encourage our members to review this change and provide feedback to NAAB that considers or adopts our own feedback. The deadline toprovide feedback to NAAB is June 1.
The reasons for having consistent titles are grounded in the marketplace for higher education at graduate and undergraduate levels. Students face a range of choices for study, and architecture is a field with so many degree options (both accredited and non-accredited) that understanding the difference requires concentrated effort and research.
For more than a decade NAAB has tried to channel architecture programs toward using B.Arch, M.Arch, and D.Arch only for accredited degree programs. Most programs have complied and changed their post-professional master’s programs to other titles. Not all have.
At the graduate level, domestic students without NAAB-accredited degrees would likely be redirected to the correct accredited M.Arch. degree should they mistakenly apply to a post-professional degree. But many international students who earned a professional degree in their own country may be considered eligible for post-professional programs in the United States, but they may not understand that their future cognate master’s degree will not satisfy widely held licensing requirements. These students might apply to the wrong degree for their purposes.
We ask that our members also consider what this change by NAAB means at the undergraduate level. Schools with NAAB-accredited degrees of any kind could title their undergraduate four-year degree a Bachelor of Architecture. Schools without an accredited degree could similarly retitle their pre-professional degree as a Bachelor of Architecture. This would create additional confusion among students who are most vulnerable to misunderstanding their enrollment choices: those at the beginning of their educational journey, first-generation college students, and others from underrepresented backgrounds where experience with and advising for higher education may be low.
This outcome could also lead to confusion on the part of employers who may not be well-versed in degree nomenclature and its relationship to accredited professional education.
Architecture is a knowledge-driven profession. We think it is important that degree titles, learning outcomes, and implications for licensure among degrees be clear.
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Founded in 1912 by 10 charter members, ACSA is an international association of architecture schools preparing future architects, designers, and change agents. Our membership includes all of the accredited professional degree programs in the United States and Canada, as well as international schools and 2- and 4-year programs. Together ACSA schools represent some 7,000 faculty educating more than 40,000 students.
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