Hybrid Domains

STUDENTS   Greg Stacy, Benjamin Wright, Alex Kendle, and Michael Meer, University of Oregon

FACULTY SPONSORS   Judith Sheine, University of Oregon
Mikhail Gershfeld, Cal Poly Pomona
Mark Donofrio, University of Oregon

JUROR COMMENTS   This winning submission stands out for its elegant hybridity of systems. There is a nice expression of different structural types designed for different programs. The Warhol museum is especially well done with the super-graphic and large trusses creating a great lofty space, which is very Warhol. There is a nice nod to the old 19th century steel and iron loft buildings but reincarnated with timber. Overall, the visibility of the structure is good, and it is clear that the structure informs the architecture. The housing piece of the program could use further work; it feels underdeveloped, conventional, and insufficiently dense for New York City. The façade of the housing is a little off in scale and a little too open for the site. The exposed wood louvers offer performance, however the submission is missing information on how the exterior wood would be protected.

DESCRIPTION   One of the most iconic cities of the modern world, New York, is a collage of urban fabric, cultures, and infrastructure. The city is not beautiful because of its various individual pieces, but because of their intersections that combine into unique Hybrid Domains. There is no greater example of this hybridization than the Lower East Side. Rich with cultural history, architectural palimpsest, and layers of development, this neighborhood is fighting the pressures of a fast growing city. Therefore, it is in need of a solution that allows for both growth and a celebration of its character. Hybrid Domains does both of these by embracing new and innovative architectural design, while celebrating the neighborhood’s rich collage of history. Hybrid Domains responds to the surrounding context with its complex program and its revival of heavy timber construction through hybridization. Located at the crossing of Essex St. and Delancey St., the site is an opportunity to respond to existing infrastructure, such as the Essex St. Market as well as future projects, such as the Lowline. Sitting on the divide of historical tenement style architecture and more recent co-op housing projects, the site calls for an intervention to fuse the divide. The positioning and design of the market, museum, and housing programs enhances their surroundings. The project becomes a buffer between the nearby building forms and allows the elements of the surrounding environment to blend into hybrid experiences. The essence of Hybrid Domains, like New York, is its various singular pieces, which are special in their own right but, when merged into one, they become something truly beautiful. Whether it is through artist loft spaces, a fusing of museum and housing, or a public gallery and art market, emerging from a market and museum intersection, these hybrid programs create one-of-a-kind experiences. In the formation of these hybrid programs, Hybrid Domains finds opportunity for advanced wood structures to intersect and merge, enhancing the beauty of the hybrid spaces. Just as the singular program elements have their own identity, each of their structural systems is unique, catering to each program’s spatial and construction needs. The housing buildings use a combination of glulam post and beam and CLT shear wall construction to support dwelling spaces. The museum explores the use of a two story, floor-to-ceiling truss that suspends the ground floor over the auditorium, allowing for larger spaces and flexibility within. The market uses a prefabricated system of LVL panels that connect as a series of three-pinned moment frames, allowing for mid-distance spans. Hybrid Domains takes these structural systems a step farther by interweaving them at program overlaps. As housing emerges above the museum, posts protrude downward into the museum spaces below. When housing is placed above the market, CLT shear walls from above extend downward merging with the LVL frames below, supporting both structures simultaneously. Hybrid Domains looks to exemplify the possibilities of taking various structural systems and engineered wood products to create a collage that resonates throughout the site and beyond.