Students are encouraged to research references that are related to St. Croix, laboratory responses, sustainability/environmental systems, the design problem, and precedent projects. An intention of the competition is to make students aware that research is a fundamental element of any design solution. Following are a few sample research reference websites, publications, and case studies.

National Park Service - Salt River Bay National Historical Park & Ecological Preserve

I2SL - I2SL Competition Webpage 

All visitors to the site in St. Croix (students and faculty) are required to complete an online research collection permit for the National Park Service.  

These permits are free and available via online.

National Park Service - Salt River Bay National Historical Park & Ecological Preserve


Ariel view of the U.S. Virgin Islands, St. Croix

Image of North Reef, U.S. Virgin Islands, St. Croix 

Image of Coral Reef in the U.S. Virgin Islands


Site Topography DWG File (zipped)

Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin. Salt River Bay located at 14.5 x 66.5.

Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin. Salt River Bay located at 14.5 x 66.5.



Figure 1: Interpolated bathymetry for Salt River Bay, based on the available soundings conducted in 1982 and 1977 from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Geophysical Data System.

Figure 2: Wind Rose Diagram

Figure 3: Site Exhibit

Figure 4: Psychrometric Chart

The following resources provide specific information on laboratory design. Some of these are focused specifically on sustainability in laboratory facilities, and faculty sponsors are strongly encouraged to use these resources. They are essential for understanding the nature, scope, and objectives of the competition program.

  • Marine Research and Education Center webinar
  • A Design Guide for Energy-Efficient Research Laboratories
  • American Institute of Architects, Center for Advanced Technology Design. Guidelines for Planning and Design of Biomedical Research Laboratory Facilities. (Washington, DC: American Institute of Architects, 1999)
  • Braybrook, Susan. Design for Research: Principles of Laboratory Design. (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1993)
  • Cooper, Crawley. Laboratory Design Handbook. Boston: CRC Press, 1994.
  • Griffin, Brian. Laboratory Design Guide, Third Edition (Architectural Press, 2004)
  • Introduction to Low-Energy Design Guide
  • Labs21 Case Studies
  • Labs21 Environmental Performance Criteria
  • McIntosh, I., PhD, et al. ASHRAE Laboratory Design Guide, RP-969. (Atlanta, GA: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. , 2002)
  • National Science Foundation. Planning Academic Research Facilities: A Guidebook. (Washington, DC: National Science Foundation, 1992)
  • Ruys, Theodora. Laboratory Facilities, Vol. 1 of Handbook of Facilities Planning. (New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990)
  • Watch, Daniel. Building Type Basics for Research Laboratories, Second Edition. (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2008)
  • Whole Building Design Guide
  • Department of Energy Buildings Database
  • Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program High Performance Federal Buildings Database
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s (NREL’s) Climate Neutral Research Campuses Online Tool
  • NREL’s Climate Action Planning Tool

The following resources provide further information on sustainable design practices in general (i.e. practices that are applicable to a wide range of buildings, including laboratories). Students should refer to their own school libraries for many other sources of information on sustainable design issues.

  • Renewable Energy Policy Project and Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology
  • U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
  • U.S. Green Building Council
  • International Living Future Institute's Living Building Challenge
  • Powell, Kenneth, and Richard Rogers, Richard Rogers Partnership, Complete Works, Volume Two. (London: Phaidon Press, 2001), "Towards a Sustainable Architecture: Environmental Research and Development," p.236-299
  • Steele, James. Sustainable Architecture - Principles, Paradigms and Case Studies. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997)
  • The Architectural League NY Van der Ryn, Sim, and Stuart Cowan. Ecological Design, Tenth Anniversary Edition. (Island Press, 2007) 

In addition to the publications and websites previously listed above competitors are strongly encouraged to research, document, and analyze the projects listed below. This list is provided to encourage and promote the research and analysis of significant works of architecture relevant to the competition program and the integration of sustainable practices. An intention in all Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture administered student design competitions is to make competitors aware that background research is a fundamental component of all design problems.

Center for Clinical Sciences Research, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California.
Foster & Partners, London, England

  • Foster Catalog 2001. Munich: Prestel, 2001
  • Architectural Record, 2001 June, v.189, n.6, p.130-137
  • GA Document, 2001 Jan., n.64, p.66-73
  • Lotus International, n.112, p.38-41
  • World Architecture, 2001 Nov.-Dec., n.101, p.24-29

Faculty of Economics and Management, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
Mecanoo Architecten, Delft, the Netherlands

  • Houben, Francine. Mecanoo Architects - Contrast, Composition, Complexity. Boston:
  • Birkhauser, 2001
  • Architectural Review, 1996 June, v.199, n.1192, p.63-67
  • A+U: Architecture and Urbanism, 1996 Sept., n.9 (312), p.20-35
  • Architektur, Innenarchitektur, Technischer Ausbau, 1996 May, v.104, n.5, p.41-45

Fortbildungsakademie Mont-Cenis, Herne-Sodingen (Ruhr), Germany
Jourda & Perraudin Architectes, Paris, France

  • Abitare, 2000 Feb., n.392, p.96-101
  • Architectural Record, 1999 Dec., v.187, n.12, p.199-204, 206, 208
  • Architectural Review, 1999 Oct., v.206, n.1232, p.51-55
  • Detail, 1999 Apr.-May, v.39, n.3, p.386-389
  • Techniques & Architecture, 1999 June, n.443, p.98-107

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington
Zimmer, Gunsul, Frasca Partnership, Seattle, Washington

Georgia Public Health Laboratory, Decatur, Georgia
Lord, Aeck and Sargent Architects, Atlanta, Georgia

Institute for Forestry and Nature Research (IBN-DLO), Wageningen, the Netherlands
Behnisch, Behnisch & Partner, Stuttgart, Germany

  • Blundell Jones, Peter. Gunter Behnisch. Boston: Birkhauser, 2000
  • Architectural Record, 2000 Jan., v.188, n.1, p.96-103
  • ARQ: Architectural Research Quarterly, 2001, v.5, n.1, p.90-91
  • Architectural Review, 2001 Jan., v.209, n.1247, p.28-33
  • Landscape Architecture, 2000 Nov., v.90, n.11, p.68-73, 91-92

Louis Stokes Laboratories-Building 50, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland
Hansen, Lind and Meyer, Bethesda, Maryland

Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Dresden, Germany
Heikkinen & Komonen, Helsinki, Finland

  • Braun, Hardo ...[et al.]. Buildings for Science: Architecture of the Max Planck Institutes.
  • Boston: Birkhauser, 2001
  • Architectural Record, 2003 Jan., v.191, n.1, p.110-117
  • Architectural Review, 2002 Aug., v.212, n.1266, p.52-55
  • Architettura, 1999 July-Aug., v.45, n.525-526, p.428-452
  • Arkkitehti, 2002, v.99, n.2, p.32-41

Minnaert Building, De-Uithof Campus, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands
Neutelings Riedijk Architecten, Rotterdam, the Netherlands

  • Zeegers, P. J. Th., and Willem Jan Neutelings. Minnaert Building Utrecht University,
  • Neutelings Riedijk Architects. Rotterdam: 010 Publishers, 1998
  • Archis, 1998 Apr., n.4, p.40-51
  • Architectural Review, 1999 Mar., v.205, n.1225, p.58-61
  • A+U: Architecture and Urbanism, 1998 Sept., n.9 (336), p.108-125
  • Domus, 1998 June, n.805, p.10-17
  • el Croquis, 1999, n.94, p.112-135
  • Techniques & Architecture, 1999 Aug.-Sept., n.444, p.84-89

Pharmacia Building Q, Skokie, Illinois
Flad & Associates, Madison, Wisconsin

Science and Technology Center, Rider University, Lawrenceville, New Jersey
Kieran Timberlake Associates, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • Kieran, Stephen, and James Timberlake. Manual: The Architecture of Kieran Timberlake.
  • New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2002
  • ARQ: Architectural Research Quarterly, 2001, v.5, n.2, p.126-150
  • Progressive Architecture, 1994 Mar., v.75, n.3, p.64-69

UNESCO Laboratory and Workshop, Vesima (Genova), Italy
Renzo Piano Building Workshop, Genova, Italy

  • Buchanan, Peter. Renzo Piano Building Workshop: Complete Works, Vol. 2. London: Phaidon
    Press, 1995
  • Pizzi, Emilio. Renzo Piano. Boston: Birkhäuser, 2002
  • Architectural Review, 1995 Sep., v.198, n.1183, p.76-80
  • Abitare, 1993 Apr., 317, p.156-169