106th ACSA Annual Meeting Proceedings, The Ethical Imperative

Crutches No More: Reframing Philip Johnson’s Seven Crutches as Pedagogic Tools

Annual Meeting Proceedings

Author(s): Kyle Schumann

With the discipline of architecture expanding into other fields and the ethical positions of the profession being redefined, a look to past lessons, in retrospect, can equip us with tools to address these concerns. Philip Johnson’s “The Seven Crutches of Modern Architecture” provides such a perspective once the ideas are reframed as pedagogic tools.


Volume Editors
Amir Ameri & Rebecca O'Neal Dagg