RE-LI FE OF A DFW AI RPORT TERMINAL
This competition is focused on the re-life of American Airlines’ Terminal A at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW). The design solutions are encouraged to explore concepts that reorganize the terminal’s need to clarify the functional order, operations, and reinforce passenger way-finding. In addition, submissions should consider improving the passenger security process, airline terminal operations, and provide more effective concession lease areas.
Today, Terminal A is used exclusively by American and is one of three terminals from which they operate their largest hub, serving over 250 domestic destinations and 60 international cities. Terminal A is now used for domestic operations only. 70% of the passengers processed at DFW are transferring between flights and remain on the secure airside of the terminals. Terminal A currently processes passengers who are arriving or transferring from one of four (4) other terminals or from gates within Terminal A.
Goals and Objectives of Terminal Re-life
Following is a set of design goals for the re-lifing of DFW Terminal A.
- Optimize traveler and facility security through active and passive features;
- Address access control and security monitoring needs;
- Incorporate design and material features that provide protection from explosive effects and progressive collapse of structures;
- Create a world class aviation design;
- Create a strong, dynamic image as a “Sense of Place”;
- Create a spacious, stimulating environment with high volume spaces with natural light in public spaces;
- Provide a high level of passenger service, optimizing passenger convenience and providing clear and direct passenger flow;
- Maximize concession opportunities;
- Maintain an efficient operating environment for tenant airlines;
- Commit to a cost effective design;
- Include advanced technology and sustainable materials;
- Comply with all known and contemplated passenger and baggage security requirements.
In addition, there is a need to retain positive aspects of the existing terminal:
- Proximity of parking to gates;
- Level passage from curbside to gate;
- Proximity of concessions to gate;
- Abundance of curbside, thereby reducing passenger/vehicle conflicts;
- A continuous airside frontage allowing flexible aircraft parking.
SITE LOCATION: North Texas, United States
The Airport is centrally located between its two owner cities, Dallas and Fort Worth. The City of Dallas is the third-largest city in the state of Texas and the ninth-largest city in the United States. The city covers 385 square miles (997 km2). As of July 2006, Dallas has a population of approximately 1,232,940. Fort Worth is the sixth-largest city is Texas and seventeenth largest city in the United States. It covers 293 square miles (758 km2) and has the population of approximately 661,850. Together, they are the main cultural and economic center of the 12-county Dallas/Fort Worth/Arlington metropolitan area—at six million people; it is the fourth largest metropolitan area in the United States.
TERMINAL A IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS
The following improvements should be implemented to expand passenger levels of service: vehicular curbside utilization, non-airline revenue generation, passenger security screening, queue circulation, and overall screening efficiency.
- Security Check-point Improvements. Currently, there are three security checkpoints oriented perpendicular to the circumference of the terminal. The current arrangement is inadequate to accommodate the processing functions, equipment, and passenger queuing. Queues routinely cause congestion in the ticketing lobbies, at the tops of escalators, and in the non-secure landside corridors. Adding to this congestion, escalators from the lower level curbside check-in facilities and ground transportation bus stops deposit passengers in the same vicinity. Consideration should be given to functional area requirements and also potential aesthetic enhancements to improve the experience in queues.
- Concession Improvements. The current distribution of concessions was determined in 1990 and is no longer effective. With the opening in 2004 of the intra-terminal automated tram system, Skylink, significant opportunities developed. Terminal A has two Skylink stations which create a concentration of connecting passengers at these locations. These concentrated areas represent an unrealized opportunity to enhance concession revenues and variety.
- Vacant Area Improvements. Vacant areas within Terminal A exist around the previous Federal Inspection Service (FIS) Area and the original airport train stations. The original airport train system, located on the ramp level, has been shut down since Skylink became operational. This vacant space consist of the train guideways, the passenger stations and create an opportunity for redevelopment. The FIS areas on the main concourse and third level are not operating since all international flights were relocated to the new International Terminal D in 2005.
- Baggage Claim Improvements. Current baggage claim areas now also serve as “meet & greet” areas. These areas become populated by individuals awaiting arrival of terminating passengers. Concessions and customer services are needed in these areas.
- Structural Security. Where appropriate, existing or new structure should incorporate designs and materials to minimize damage from explosive effects and ensure maximum structural integrity if damaged by explosive effects.